Eczema care guide — against red, itchy, flaky spots

Many different factors can make a scalp itch but universally they can all make everyday life miserable. But if at first, your skin turns red, then small itchy blisters form, and after scratching you experience small wounds, scabs, and peeling, then you most likely have an eczematous scalp. Because eczema, which involves inflammation of the skin, affects not only the easily visible parts of the body but also the scalp.

What is eczema and what are the causes of it?

Eczema is a common skin disease that appears in both acute and chronic forms and can be linked to the malfunctioning of the immune system. The root causes of eczema include immune problems, as well as external and internal causes. In more severe cases, eczema can be a chronic, long-lasting disease that can appear on any skin surface but is especially common around the folds of the body (e.g. elbows, hands, knees). It is important to emphasize that eczema is not contagious. Eczema can be seen in spots on the body and can vary in intensity, from redness and inflammation to flare-ups and other eczema symptoms. In addition to itching, it can cause very dry, inflamed, scaly skin that can appear brown, purple, or gray depending on your skin tone, and can even lead to hair loss. 

Besides eczema, there can be many different reasons why the scalp can be dry and itchy (e.g. psoriasis, fungal infection, ringworm, head lice, etc.), therefore it is very important to have a scalp diagnosis done by a specialist as soon as possible. During our open days at Oxygeni Hair, our hair therapists perform for free a micro-camera and manual hair and scalp diagnoses in order to accurately determine the scalp issue.

Symptoms of scalp eczema

The main symptoms of eczema include very dry skin, reddish or brown patches of skin, and intense itching, which can become especially severe during the night. Sensitive or swollen skin, flakes on clothing or shoulders after scratching your scalp, small bumps that may leak fluid, and thickened or cracked skin are also common symptoms of eczema.

Is it dandruff or scalp eczema?

There are a surprising number of conditions that can cause an itchy scalp, therefore it is important to make sure you know exactly what you’re dealing with. The most common type of eczematous scalp is seborrheic dermatitis, and the most common unpleasant symptom of it is dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory condition caused by an overproduction of sebum, the natural oils secreted by the sebaceous glands of the scalp. People can usually tell the difference between eczema and dandruff based on the visible signs of inflammation. Both eczema and dandruff can cause flaky and itchy skin, but typically only eczema causes patches of inflamed skin.

Is it psoriasis or scalp eczema?

Eczema and psoriasis both cause red, itchy patches of skin, but they appear slightly differently. Unlike eczema, psoriasis is an autoimmune condition, and the patches of inflamed skin caused by psoriasis are usually thick and scaly and can be gray in color. These thickened spots are called “plaques” or “plaque psoriasis” and can be caused most commonly by things like stress, bacterial or viral infections.

Neither psoriasis nor eczema are contagious! When it comes to eczema and psoriasis remedies, it is known that thermal water, salt water, and sunlight can help alleviate the symptoms. A proper, conscious lifestyle and a healthy diet can also promote improvement while external treatments can be used for both. Significant results can also be achieved with oxygen therapy in the case of both eczema and psoriasis.

The use of Oxygeni Hair H2O Thermal water delivers a uniquely large amount of minerals and vitamins to the skin and hair contributing to their vitality and health. It helps restore the barrier layer of the scalp and soothes sensitive skin, thanks to its antioxidant effect it helps protect cells from the harmful effects of free radicals, helps the formation of epithelial cells and stimulates collagen formation.

What can trigger Scalp eczema?

Nickel allergy

People with nickel allergies typically experience skin reactions after touching certain metal objects. These may include jewelry, electronics, buttons, and even zippers. In some cases, people allergic to nickel may develop eczema symptoms as a result of getting in contact with the metal. Nickel allergy can also cause episodes of dyshidrotic eczema, which typically causes small blisters and predominantly affects the hands and feet. Nickel is also present in some commonly consumed food. Food high in nickel include, for example, cashews, chocolate, cocoa powder, licorice, shellfish, soybeans, soy sauce, and tofu.


Birch pollen sensitivity

Some people who are sensitive to birch pollen may experience a reaction to certain foods. This reaction is called oral allergy syndrome, and in some cases of eczema, it can make the symptoms worse. It may be more likely that this sensitivity affects children who struggle with eczema than adults. People with birch pollen sensitivity may react to foods such as apples, carrots, celery, hazelnuts, and pears. Find out what other factors influence the development of hair and dermatological diseases with the help of our free downloadable e-book, by clicking here!


Inadequate nutrition

Eliminating trigger foods can help some people reduce eczema symptoms. But at the same time, removing certain nutrient-rich foods from our diet can lead to the loss of important sources of nutrients. Nearly 40% of people suffering from eczema may also experience food allergies or food intolerance symptoms, and if suspected, should be inspected. Many foods can trigger eczema symptoms, but the most common are cow’s milk, eggs, and nuts such as hazelnut. Investigating any intolerances to these is essential in order to treat eczema.


Eczema-friendly food

A nutritious diet based on whole food can have a beneficial effect on the health of your scalp and decrease the effects of eczema. Anti-inflammatory foods can help improve the symptoms of an eczematous scalp.


Fish is a natural source of omega-3 fatty acids, which can help treat inflammations in the body. Examples of fish high in omega-3 are salmon, tuna, mackerel, sardines, and herring.

Probiotic foods

Some foods naturally contain probiotics, bacteria that can promote good gut health. According to researchers, this can have a positive effect on helping reduce inflammation throughout the body. Probiotic foods include yogurt and pickled cabbage known as sauerkraut.

Foods rich in flavonoids

Flavonoids are powerful anti-inflammatory compounds found in many foods. They are typically found in the skins of colorful fruits and vegetables. Foods containing flavonoids include, for example, tomatoes, red peppers, soybeans, berries, and citrus fruits.

Treatment of scalp eczema

The oxygen therapy treatment developed by Oxygeni Hair and Skin helps skin cells and hair follicles to receive an adequate oxygen supply. The therapy starts with a micro-camera scalp examination, where inflammation as well as other scalp-related problems can be detected in the deeper layers of the skin. During our open days, you have the opportunity to take part in a free micro-camera diagnosis. If you suspect any skin disease, look for our Open Days at the list of our salons HERE.

Oxygen therapy can be used for any scalp-related problem as it reduces the healing and regeneration time. The successful treatment of more than 500,000 scalps and the visible result in 97% of the cases speaks volumes about the effectiveness of Oxygen therapy. Oxygeni Hair and Skin’s oxygen therapy is recommended for the treatment of all types of hair and scalp problems, including the treatment and prevention of eczematous scalps.

Oxygen therapy treatment is recommended for both scalp and skin-related problems, as cosmetic oxygen therapy is now available in addition to hair treatment. During the treatment, an active ingredient complex consisting of valuable vitamins and minerals is introduced into the deepest layers of the skin, where cellular metabolism takes place. In addition to its cell-regenerating effect, oxygen also provides the supply of active ingredients necessary for the functioning of the renewed cells. The skin is permeable to gases, so substances introduced into the skin with oxygen reach deeper than during normal application.

Due to the adequate supply of oxygen, vitamins, and minerals to the hair follicles and the skin, the hair strands are revitalized, strengthened, and thickened, and the scalp is cleansed of impurities allowing it to regain its proper pH value. In the case of cosmetic oxygen therapy, the problematic skin surface is treated, be it the chest, face, arms, or legs.

Celebrities who struggle with eczema

Celebrities, though they almost always have to be in tip-top shape, skin conditions like eczema don’t spare them either.

Although Brad Pitt, has not spoken about the issue himself, his co-star Cate Blanchett did reveal that Pitt suffered from eczema while filming The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. And Adele said her eczema flared up when she became a new mother. Actor Elle Fanning does not censor herself on her social media pages, mostly sharing selfies with visibly red eyelids on Instagram. Eczema of the eyelids, also known as eyelid dermatitis, can affect anyone, but the condition is more common in people with a history of atopic dermatitis.

Fighting eczema is not easy, but they managed to curb the symptoms. With the help of natural and chemical-free solutions, they were able to maintain the healthy condition of their skin and hair.

At-home treatment of eczema

Eczema is often triggered or aggravated by negative reactions to harsh hair or skin care products. Anyone can develop or have this type of reaction – with or without eczema. But if you have eczema, you may be more prone to these reactions and they may trigger more severe eczema symptoms.

In order to ensure an effective healing and a lasting solution, the use of chemical-free and 100% natural products is recommended.

The use of chemical-free products reduces intolerances as they exert their effect naturally while their 100% natural active ingredients do not irritate the skin and scalp. The use of natural products can help a lot not only in alleviating symptoms but also in prevention! Oxygeni Hair&Skin’s products are fragrance and irritant-free and provide the perfect solution for alleviating and preventing scalp diseases.

Complex product bundle for Eczema

We recommend the use of our Sensitive Wash, Repair Cream, Aloe Vera Gel, and Med Oil products for the eczematous scalp, face, and other skin surfaces. The products in the package help curb the unpleasant symptoms of eczema and reduce irritation, inflammation, and itching. They gently clean, deeply hydrate, and disinfect the skin and scalp, thus helping to overcome the unpleasant symptoms of eczema. All the products are 100% chemical-free, so they do not cause any discomfort to inflamed, reddened, or sore skin, making them the perfect products for treating eczema symptoms.